Glossary


White LeghornPure White Eggs

White Leghorn
Pure White Eggs

Some of the terms used in the poultry industry are not in common usage – or they have different meanings from everyday usage.

Below we have listed the meaning of a number of commonly used poultry terms.

Term Meaning
Auto Sexing A pure breed that has distinct colour difference between male & female chicks when hatched
Bantam Miniature fowl to large fowl standard but quarter of the weight
Barring Alternative stripes of light and dark across the feather
Breed A group of birds conforming to a true consistent standard
Cock A male bird after the first moult
Cockerel A young male bird of the current seasons breeding
Comb Fleshy protuberance on top of a fowls head. This will vary considerably dependent on type of fowl
Condition State of birds general health
Hackle The neck feathers of a fowl and saddle plumage of a male consisting of long, narrow pointed feathers
Hard Feathered Close tight feathering as found on game birds
Hybrid A first cross between pure breeds to produce a consistent coloured off spring normally with specific benefits i.e. sex linked chicks, increased egg production etc.
Lacing An edging round a feather differing in colour of the ground i.e. Seabright, Wyndotte etc.
P.O.L. “Point of Lay” a bird that is approaching or just starting its first laying period
Pullet A female fowl of the current seasons breeding
Quill Hollow stem of feather
Sex Linked A chick that shows distinct sexual difference when hatched . i.e. males silver, females brown/red.
Trio A male and two females
True Bantam Miniature fowl with no large fowl equivalent (Ko Shamo, Barbue d’uncle)
Wattles The fleshy appendages at each side of the base of the beak more developed in male birds